Carl Nielsen Chronological Table 1865 - 1931

1861
Carl Nielsen's parents, Niels ‘Maler’ Jørgensen (1835-1915) and Maren Kirstine (1833-1897), move with their five children into the house in the Sortelung area near the village Nr. Lyndelse.
1864
August: Carl Nielsen's father, Niels ‘Maler’ Jørgensen, returns from eight months of active service.
1865
June 9: Carl Nielsen is born. Baptized August 13. According to an old Danish naming tradition, his family name is derived from his father's first name: Nielsen (which means ‘son of Niels’). First names: Carl August.
1874
First composition: Polka in A major (Polka i A-dur).  
1878
March: The Jørgensen family moves into the house which is now the museum known as ‘The Carl Nielsen’s Childhood Home’.   
1879

Carl Nielsen's bugle

Carl Nielsen is confirmed and become apprenticed to a merchant. As a result of the merchant going bankrupt, the summer is spent at home, where he prepares himself for the entrance examination for the regimental band of the 16th Battalion in Odense. Carl Nielsen beats his competitors and takes up his appointment on November 1. He plays bugle and alto trombone.    
1883
May: Carl Nielsen visits the composer Niels W. Gade, director of the Academy of Music in Copenhagen (Københavns Musikkonservatorium), and the violin teacher Valdemar Tofte, also from the conservatory, to discuss admission. Passes the entrance examination in December and resigns from the regimental band.     
1884
January: Begins three years of musical training at the Music Academy with violin as his primary instrument. 
1888
January 8: Carl Nielsen's first son, Carl August Hansen (1888-1963), is born.  
September 8: Breakthrough with Suite for Strings (Suite for Strygere) opus 1, at a concert in Tivoli.
1889
Is appointed violinist in The Royal Theatre's Orchestra, and takes his place on the second violin desk. The appointment continues until 1905.    
1890
Receives the Anckerske Grant (Det Anckerske Legat) and begins a ten month journey through Europe, which takes him to Germany, France and Italy.
1891
March 2: In Paris, he meets the Danish sculptress Anne Marie Brodersen (1863-1945) and they are ‘married’ in a circle of friends there on April 10. They are formally married May 10th in the English Church in Florence.
December 9: A daughter, Irmelin Johanne Nielsen (1891-1974), is born.      
1892
April 28: Carl Nielsen's first ‘Composition Soirée’, including the first performance of the songs with words by J.P. Jacobsen, opus 4.     
1893
February 24: First performance of Symphonic Rhapsody (Symfonisk Rhapsodi).
March 4: A second daughter, Anne Marie Frederikke Nielsen (1893-1983), known as Søs, is born.    
1894
March 14: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Symphony No. 1 (1. Symfoni).
October-November: Journey to Germany and Austria.
November 7: Meeting with Brahms.    
1895
May 5: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Symphonic Suite for Piano (Symfonisk Suite for Klaver), opus 8.
September 5: A son, Hans Børge Nielsen (1895-1956), is born.
1896
March 18: Carl Nielsen conducts his Symphony No. 1 in Dresden.
1897
January 28: Carl Nielsen's mother dies.
April 27: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Hymnus amoris (Hymnus amoris), opus 12, for soloists, choir and orchestra.
1901
Carl Nielsen receives a lifelong annuity from the state.      
1902
November 28: Premiere of Carl Nielsen's opera Saul and David (Saul og David).
December 1: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Symphony No. 2, The Four Temperaments (2. Symfoni, De fire Temperamenter). Carl Nielsen conducts on both occasions.
1903
Carl Nielsen enters into an annual contract with the music publishing house, Wilhelm Hansen.
February-July: With Anne Marie in Athens. Composes the concert overture Helios (Helios).
November: Carl Nielsen conducts his Symphony No. 2 in Ferrucio Busoni's concert series with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.
1905
Resigns from his post as second violinist in The Royal Orchestra.
1906

Poster from the premiere of Masquerade (Maskarade) at the Royal Theatre, Sunday November 11 1906

November 11: Premiere of the opera Masquerade (Maskarade).
1907
Writes his biggest popular success: Jens the Roadman (Jens Vejmand), which is published in the collection Strophic Songs (Strofiske Sange), opus 21.
1908
Carl Nielsen is appointed conductor at The Royal Theatre.
April 6: First performance of Saga Dream (Saga-Drøm), opus 39.
Pays his first visit to Damgård manor near Fredericia, which he found offered him an important retreat for composing.     
1912
February 28: First performances of Symphony No. 3, Sinfonia Espansiva (3. Symfoni, Sinfonia Espansiva), and the Violin Concert (Violinkoncert), opus 33.
April 28: Carl Nielsen conducts Sinfonia Espansiva at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam.
1914
Carl Nielsen resigns from The Royal Theatre.
Conducts for the first time in Gothenburg.
Conductor for the Music Association (Musikforeningen) in Copenhagen.
1916
February 1: First performance of Symphony No. 4, The Inextinguishable (4. Symfoni, Det Uudslukkelige).
Anne Marie and Carl Nielsen enter into negotiations about separation.
1917
Chaconne for Piano (Chaconne for Klaver), opus 32 and Theme and Variations for Piano (Tema med Variationer for Klaver), opus 40.
1919
Music for the play Aladdin (Aladdin), opus 34. 
June 28: Anne Marie and Carl Nielsen submit a joint application for separation. The application is approved on September 26.    
1920
Journey to the Netherlands, Great Britain, France, Spain, and Hungary. He meets Zoltan Kodaly, Béla Bartók and many others.
1922
Symphony No. 5 (5. Symfoni), opus 50, the choral work Springtime on Funen (Fynsk Foraar), opus 42, and Wind Quintet (Blæserkvintet), opus 43.
Resumes his life with Anne Marie.
With Thomas Laub, Thorvald Aagaard and Oluf Ring, he publishes the first edition of The Folk High School Melody Book (Folkehøjskolens Melodibog).    
1923
Concerts in London with, among other works, Symphony No. 4, the Violin Concerto, and music from Aladdin.
1925
February: Meets Arnold Schönberg during a holiday in Menton, France.
June 9: The composer's 60th birthday is celebrated as a national event.
Publishes his collection of essays, Living Music (Levende Musik).
December: First performance of Symphony No. 6, Sinfonia Semplice (6. Symfoni, Sinfonia Semplice).   
1926
Concert in Paris includes the first performance of the Flute Concerto (Fløjtekoncert). He meets, among others, the composers Arthur Honegger and Maurice Ravel.  
1927
Publishes the memoir of his youth, My Childhood (Min fynske Barndom).   
1928
The Clarinet Concerto (Klarinetkoncert), opus 57.
1930
Music for the Hans Christian Andersen's Festival Play Cupid and the Poet (Amor og Digteren), and Three Motets (Tre Motetter), opus 55.
1931
January: Carl Nielsen is appointed director of the Royal Danish Academy of Music.
Saul and David is performed in Stockholm.
October 3: After a series of heart attacks, Carl Nielsen dies at The State University Hospital.
October 9: Carl Nielsen is buried at Vestre cemetery in Copenhagen.   

 

 
 

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