Carl Nielsen Chronological Table 1865 - 1931

Carl Nielsen's parents, Niels ‘Maler’ Jørgensen (1835-1915) and Maren Kirstine (1833-1897), move with their five children into the house in the Sortelung area near the village Nr. Lyndelse.
August: Carl Nielsen's father, Niels ‘Maler’ Jørgensen, returns from eight months of active service.
June 9: Carl Nielsen is born. Baptized August 13. According to an old Danish naming tradition, his family name is derived from his father's first name: Nielsen (which means ‘son of Niels’). First names: Carl August.
First composition: Polka in A major (Polka i A-dur).  
March: The Jørgensen family moves into the house which is now the museum known as ‘The Carl Nielsen’s Childhood Home’.   

Carl Nielsen's bugle

Carl Nielsen is confirmed and become apprenticed to a merchant. As a result of the merchant going bankrupt, the summer is spent at home, where he prepares himself for the entrance examination for the regimental band of the 16th Battalion in Odense. Carl Nielsen beats his competitors and takes up his appointment on November 1. He plays bugle and alto trombone.    
May: Carl Nielsen visits the composer Niels W. Gade, director of the Academy of Music in Copenhagen (Københavns Musikkonservatorium), and the violin teacher Valdemar Tofte, also from the conservatory, to discuss admission. Passes the entrance examination in December and resigns from the regimental band.     
January: Begins three years of musical training at the Music Academy with violin as his primary instrument. 
January 8: Carl Nielsen's first son, Carl August Hansen (1888-1963), is born.  
September 8: Breakthrough with Suite for Strings (Suite for Strygere) opus 1, at a concert in Tivoli.
Is appointed violinist in The Royal Theatre's Orchestra, and takes his place on the second violin desk. The appointment continues until 1905.    
Receives the Anckerske Grant (Det Anckerske Legat) and begins a ten month journey through Europe, which takes him to Germany, France and Italy.
March 2: In Paris, he meets the Danish sculptress Anne Marie Brodersen (1863-1945) and they are ‘married’ in a circle of friends there on April 10. They are formally married May 10th in the English Church in Florence.
December 9: A daughter, Irmelin Johanne Nielsen (1891-1974), is born.      
April 28: Carl Nielsen's first ‘Composition Soirée’, including the first performance of the songs with words by J.P. Jacobsen, opus 4.     
February 24: First performance of Symphonic Rhapsody (Symfonisk Rhapsodi).
March 4: A second daughter, Anne Marie Frederikke Nielsen (1893-1983), known as Søs, is born.    
March 14: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Symphony No. 1 (1. Symfoni).
October-November: Journey to Germany and Austria.
November 7: Meeting with Brahms.    
May 5: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Symphonic Suite for Piano (Symfonisk Suite for Klaver), opus 8.
September 5: A son, Hans Børge Nielsen (1895-1956), is born.
March 18: Carl Nielsen conducts his Symphony No. 1 in Dresden.
January 28: Carl Nielsen's mother dies.
April 27: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Hymnus amoris (Hymnus amoris), opus 12, for soloists, choir and orchestra.
Carl Nielsen receives a lifelong annuity from the state.      
November 28: Premiere of Carl Nielsen's opera Saul and David (Saul og David).
December 1: First performance of Carl Nielsen's Symphony No. 2, The Four Temperaments (2. Symfoni, De fire Temperamenter). Carl Nielsen conducts on both occasions.
Carl Nielsen enters into an annual contract with the music publishing house, Wilhelm Hansen.
February-July: With Anne Marie in Athens. Composes the concert overture Helios (Helios).
November: Carl Nielsen conducts his Symphony No. 2 in Ferrucio Busoni's concert series with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra.
Resigns from his post as second violinist in The Royal Orchestra.

Poster from the premiere of Masquerade (Maskarade) at the Royal Theatre, Sunday November 11 1906

November 11: Premiere of the opera Masquerade (Maskarade).
Writes his biggest popular success: Jens the Roadman (Jens Vejmand), which is published in the collection Strophic Songs (Strofiske Sange), opus 21.
Carl Nielsen is appointed conductor at The Royal Theatre.
April 6: First performance of Saga Dream (Saga-Drøm), opus 39.
Pays his first visit to Damgård manor near Fredericia, which he found offered him an important retreat for composing.     
February 28: First performances of Symphony No. 3, Sinfonia Espansiva (3. Symfoni, Sinfonia Espansiva), and the Violin Concert (Violinkoncert), opus 33.
April 28: Carl Nielsen conducts Sinfonia Espansiva at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam.
Carl Nielsen resigns from The Royal Theatre.
Conducts for the first time in Gothenburg.
Conductor for the Music Association (Musikforeningen) in Copenhagen.
February 1: First performance of Symphony No. 4, The Inextinguishable (4. Symfoni, Det Uudslukkelige).
Anne Marie and Carl Nielsen enter into negotiations about separation.
Chaconne for Piano (Chaconne for Klaver), opus 32 and Theme and Variations for Piano (Tema med Variationer for Klaver), opus 40.
Music for the play Aladdin (Aladdin), opus 34. 
June 28: Anne Marie and Carl Nielsen submit a joint application for separation. The application is approved on September 26.    
Journey to the Netherlands, Great Britain, France, Spain, and Hungary. He meets Zoltan Kodaly, Béla Bartók and many others.
Symphony No. 5 (5. Symfoni), opus 50, the choral work Springtime on Funen (Fynsk Foraar), opus 42, and Wind Quintet (Blæserkvintet), opus 43.
Resumes his life with Anne Marie.
With Thomas Laub, Thorvald Aagaard and Oluf Ring, he publishes the first edition of The Folk High School Melody Book (Folkehøjskolens Melodibog).    
Concerts in London with, among other works, Symphony No. 4, the Violin Concerto, and music from Aladdin.
February: Meets Arnold Schönberg during a holiday in Menton, France.
June 9: The composer's 60th birthday is celebrated as a national event.
Publishes his collection of essays, Living Music (Levende Musik).
December: First performance of Symphony No. 6, Sinfonia Semplice (6. Symfoni, Sinfonia Semplice).   
Concert in Paris includes the first performance of the Flute Concerto (Fløjtekoncert). He meets, among others, the composers Arthur Honegger and Maurice Ravel.  
Publishes the memoir of his youth, My Childhood (Min fynske Barndom).   
The Clarinet Concerto (Klarinetkoncert), opus 57.
Music for the Hans Christian Andersen's Festival Play Cupid and the Poet (Amor og Digteren), and Three Motets (Tre Motetter), opus 55.
January: Carl Nielsen is appointed director of the Royal Danish Academy of Music.
Saul and David is performed in Stockholm.
October 3: After a series of heart attacks, Carl Nielsen dies at The State University Hospital.
October 9: Carl Nielsen is buried at Vestre cemetery in Copenhagen.   




Odense City Museums
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